The Fastigate white Pine (Pinus strobus ‘fastigiata‘) is a small to medium sized, rapid-growing, cultivar of the White pine ( Pinus strobus ) with a columnar shape. Fastigiate means erect branching. Bluish-green needles are in bundles of 5. Once an important timber tree. It had been used for ship masts as the straight stems are 90’ long. In 1605 this tree was brought to Britain from Maine by Captain George Weymouth. The genus name comes from the Latin for pines. The specific epithet is Greek and refers to incense bearing or gum bearing tree. The ‘Fastigiata’ cultivar was created in Germany in 1884. It is an erect columnar form, three times as tall as wide. Fastigiata comes from the Latin word fastigiatus, “meaning with erect upright branches creating the effect of a column.”
See also White Pine: http://marquandpark.org/674-white-pine/
Common name: Columnar Eastern White Pine
Scientific Name (family and order): Pinus strobus L. ‘Fastigiata’ (Pinaceae, Pinales)
Species Origin: North America
New Jersey Status: USDA cultivar not listed
Habit: 80 – 164’ tall x one third was wide; Bole 2 – 5’ diameter. Impressively-large evergreen tree with broad crown of tiers of few, widely-spaced branches.
Habitat: Zones 3 -7.
Trunk/Stem: Bark dark gray and smooth becoming deeply fissured. Develops a towering, massive truk , buttressed at base.
Leaves: Clusters of 5; Leaves soft, fine, flexible on nearly smooth olive-brown shoots. 4 3/4” long
Flowers: Monoecious. On separate shoots male flowers bright yellow; female pink; bloom in early summer.
Fruits and seeds: Young cones hang in clusters. Cone marked by white resin, curved, slender, hanging. Its scales are thin and lack prickles. Its long narrow cone is distinctive.