Hawthorn (Crataegus sp.) consists of up to 280 species of hardy small trees and shrubs. Most species are native to the eastern United States. All produce berries called haws and nearly all are thorny. Leaves are generally small and jaggedly lobed. Flowers are small, white (pink in some cultivars), and present in May and June. Haws are usually <1” long and red. Rugged, twisting branches form dense crowns, usually spreading rather than upright. The scientific name come from the Greek word, krataigos, a flowering thorn. The root is kratos, meaning strength, which refers to the strong and hard wood. The name hawthorn comes from Old English haga, a hedge, and thorn: hedgethorn.