The sweetbay magnolia (Magnolia virginiana) is a graceful southern, evergreen to semi-evergreen. A wide columnar tree, it can grow to a mature height of 60 feet in southern climates. In the north, this tree is short, about 10 to 20 feet, and it sheds its large, simple, alternatively-placed leaves in winter; in the south it retains its leaves year-round. This tree is especially enjoyed when its large white petal flowers bloom in early summer and have an alluring, lemony scent. The fruit is an upright red, cone-like cluster of berries. The tree is often multi-stemmed with smooth gray bark. It grows well in wet soil and can tolerate shade. It is a native of the eastern part of North America as well as the Gulf Coast, and is the only native New Jersey magnolia.